A general home inspection is a visual non-invasive inspection of the home inside and out which includes all of the following items below. Hundreds of system components are tested and inspected during the course of the inspection. Any system or component that is not functioning properly or damaged or show signs that it might not function properly, or may become damaged in the future without correction will be listed in detail in the report.
ROOFING: The roof is the first line of defense in defending the home against water intrusion. There are many aspects of the roof that all have to work together in order to shed water properly and keep the home and structure dry. There are also many types of roofs ranging from gable, to hip, to flat etc... as well as many roofing materials such as composition shingles, concrete and clay tiles, metal, and silicon etc... Understanding how each style of roof and each roofing material differs is key in understanding what condition the roof is in and how well it is performing. Any accesible roof will be walked and any inaccessible roof will be visually inspected with binoculars or with the aid of drone video.
STRUCTURE: The structure, if you compare it to the human body, is basically the bones of the home. You can't really see most of it as it is hidden below the ground, behind drywall and in the attic. So it takes a trained eye to examine it closely and find signs of hidden defects. You probably aren't going underneath the house to look in the crawlspace and you're probably not going to bring your own ladder and poke around in the attic so you can see if there are signs of roof leaks or if the floor joists in the crawlspace are comipletely eaten away by termites. That's two big reasons to have a home inspection... we are a second set of eyes that looks at things you normally wouldn't.
HEATING & COOLING: While there are no furnaces or boilers here on Oahu but there are plenty of air conditioners. They come in various forms from central air and ductless split AC's down to basic window units. Regardless of what type of system they are they all work on the same principles and they all have the same types of issues. While most people are just concerned with whether or not they blow cold, there are other factors homeowners should be aware of. Efficiency can not be determined during the course of normal home inspection, but signs of defects which could affect it can. Close attention is paid to evaporator coils, drip pans and duct work which can tell a lot about the system.
PLUMBING: A plumbing inspection goes well beyond checking for leaks (although that's included as well.) Identifying the materials used to plumb the supply and waste lines is just as imprortant. Defective supply piping called "polybutylene" was a commonly used material in Mililani and Makakilo before it was deemed defective. Lots of older homes also still have galvanized steel supply lines, it's no longer used becuase it rusts from the inside out and develops leaks unpredictably. Many other homes still have the original cast iron drain lines which also rusts from the inside out. While most of the plumbing in the home is concealed behind walls the areas that are exposed can tell quite a bit.
EXTERIOR: The exterior shell of the home is the second line of defense against water intrusion. The exterior of the home is also made up of many different componets all of which need to work in sync in order to protect the home from the elements. There is much more than siding included in the inspection, dirveways, walkways, reatining walls, fences, patios, lanais, are just a few not to mention lot grading, landscaping, gutters and garages. Something as simple as a leaking gutter can lead to something as small as dry rot in a fascia board or to something as big as deterioration of the foundation. We look at it all and let you know which issues need to be addressed.
ELECTRICAL: Electricity has been standard in most homes since the late 1930's. But some homes here on Oahu are almost 100 years old and the types of electrical that they have been wired with has changed greatly over time. From knob & tube and aluminum wiring to fuses and breakers it's good to know what's going on with the electrical system in the home. While electricity affords modern people with the luxury of lights in every room, electrical appliances and a way to charge our gadgets, it also comes with a price. Problems within the electrical system can not only lead to electrocution and death but also to devastating and dangerous fires.
INSULATION & VENTILATION: When people think of insulation they tend to think of cold weather and keeping warm, but the truth is that all insulation does is stop the transfer of heat. That can mean in to or out of, and in Hawaii it's the in to that we focus on. Proper insulation and ventilation of the home can make a noticable difference, not only in temperature but also in your wallet. A well insulated home can be significantly cooler and it also helps put less stress on your air conditioner. The cooler your home is the less work the AC has to do to bring it down to a comfortable temperture, which means less electricty use, which equals less $$$ out your pocket.
INTERIOR: The actual living space proably consists of the highest number of individual components to inspect, and while usually problems aren't that serious, lots of little probems can really add up. Everything is tested and inspected walls, ceilings, floors, stairs, railings, windows and doors. Finding deficiencies in these is usually a sign of problem in another area of the inspection. Condensation inside of double pane glass windows means the seal is broken and the insulation value is gone, a moisture stain on the ceiling indicates a leak in the plumbing above and uneven floors can be a sign of a shift in foundation below.
Visual Pool Inspection
As a member of International Association of Cetrified Home Inspectors NACHI13033004 we have been certified to provide visual pool inspections in addition to our Residential Inspections. Pool inspections consist of a visual inspection of the pool itself including flooring, tiles, coping, ladders, slides and diving boards. The pool deck and surrounding saftey fences and gates will also be inspected along with the pool equipment, plumbing pumps, filters and heaters.
*Please note that a visual pool inspection does not include pressure testing plumbing or sampling of ph levels and water chemistry.